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Peat family letters

A series of 40 letters sent by Edward Peat from Liverpool, Ebensburg and Gomer, Ohio, to his brother Dafydd Peat, Glan-llyn, Llanbryn-mair. The manuscript also includes letters by Ann and Edward, his children, and letters sent from Ebensburg and Iowa by Morris Peat, another brother. Peat Family Letters (Features) >>
English translations available.

Edward Peat letters

Collection: LLGC

Date: 1868-1887

Counties: Allen;

Number of images: 263

•   Letter [1868?] from Liverpool from Edward Peat to his brother Dafydd, Glan-llyn, Llanbrynmair.
A short letter stating that he and his family have arrived safely in Liverpool. After eating, they had been to see the river and they intend to board the ship at 8 the next morning. He says he will get his picture taken and he lists whom he would like to receive the picture.
•   Letter [1868?] by Edward Peat to Dafydd, Richard, Mary and Ann.
They have arrived in America but Edward Peat caught a heavy cold on board ship and he hasn’t been too well. This letter was probably sent from Ebensburg, Pennsylvania. He says how kind and welcoming his neighbors are. A Gymanfa Ganu (hymn-singing event) took place in the area soon after they had arrived and Edward Peat enjoyed listening to the sermons very much. He writes that everything is better than expected in America and that the community he’s living in at the moment is thriving. He doesn’t know yet how long they will be staying there. The children could find work but they are considering following the advice of others.
•   Letter [1868?] from Edward Peat from Ebensburg.
Edward says it’s been difficult to find time to write a letter as he is being invited to visit local people. He doesn’t miss home as such but he thought constantly about his family and friends in the Llanbryn-mair area during the voyage. Even though it wasn’t easy to leave his motherland, he realizes that the living standards in Ebensburg are better. He mentions how some want to move on to other regions in America - Missouri and Iowa for example – and that the families follow them if there is approval for the new settlements. Edward has sent to many people in Allen County but he hasn’t received an answer from them yet. Living costs are quite expensive, he notes, so they would be pleased to hear news from other parts of the state.
•   Letter [1868?] from Edward Peat to his brother, Dafydd, Glan-llyn, Llanbrynmair.
In the beginning of the letter Edward says he should have moved to live in America twenty years ago because it is easier to live there and that there is plenty of space and work for everyone. He has received some letters from Morris, his brother, and he’s doing well on his big farm. The work of the factory is discussed and how he and Dafydd can exchange newspapers (Y Tyst and Baner America). He states that the daughters of Evan Hughes, who are working in a shop, are earning 30 to 40 dollars a month. He sends his regards to his family and his friends in Llanbryn-mair.
•   Letter dated 19 June 1868 by Edward Peat to his brother.
He notes which friends and neighbors they have seen recently, William Howel and his family amongst them. He states that they are better off in America. He had visited a factory as well but he is scornful of their machines and their standard of work. He complains that he still hasn’t received a word from the west, even though he has appealed for instructions from them. Before finishing the letter he asks his brother to send him news of Llanbryn-mair and the neighborhood and the chapel and he sends his regard to friends in the area.
•   Letter dated August 1868 from Ebensburg by Edward Peat to his brother.
He thanks for the long letter he has received from his brother. He hasn’t been writing long letters back as he didn’t think his brother would be interested in hearing about strangers and unknown places. He intends to visit Allen County at the end of the week to see if a place can be found for them before winter. His family will follow him if the place is suitable. This is one of Edward Peat’s most comprehensive letters to his brother. In it he writes about crops, prices, funeral arrangements, “the ladies of America”, utensils to wash clothes, fruit gathering and the weather.
•   Letter [1869?] from Gomer by Edward Peat to his brother, Dafydd.
It is noted that Dafydd’s letter had arrived on 28 March and that a letter has gone to J.B. and Richard. He regrets that he didn’t bring his mother with him to America especially after seeing many of the same age as her on board the ship. He was given a book as a gift by Iorthryn [Gwynedd] when he was in the area selling his book. He says his brother and family would be happy if they moved to America and that he was expecting to see John Brees. He asks for news about the factory and if it is possible to sell it.
•   Letter dated 20 March 1869 from Gomer by Edward Peat to his brother, Dafydd.
The latest letter by Dafydd and the news in it had pleased the family in Gomer very much. In the beginning of the letter Edward discusses borrowing money and how easy it is to borrow in order to build a house. He mentions some of the houses of the Welsh in the Gomer area. Edward says once again that he doesn’t regret going to America but that he regrets not doing so when he was younger. He writes about his wife and his children and the wages they receive. Before the end of the letter he mentions for the second time the houses being built in Gomer.
•   Letter dated 30 August 1870 by Edward Peat to his brother, Dafydd.
The most recent letter received is thanked for and he notes that they are glad to hear that Dafydd’s daughter is better. Edward says that they are all doing fine and he tells them about the work of the girls and Edward, the son. David is regretting that he hasn’t learned the craft of a carpenter because it is a good skill. The weather has been very dry in spite of the heavy rain they had in the middle of April. They had quite good wheat but the corn was the best crop they ever had and they are expecting that they will have around 400 bushels of it. One of the most interesting parts of the letter is the description of the corn harvest and machines. Thomas junior went to school for 3 months. The Government insist that children go to school for 6 months a year. There is also a summer school for little children if the parents wish to pay for their education. The trees and the quality of the soil are described, and then their land: they have 40 acres in all. In the six-acre field next to the house, wheat was planted on five acres and oats on the rest. He has just bought thirty apple trees worth about a pound in Lima to plant in front of the house. In the garden near the house they have currants, gooseberries, grapes[?] and hop plants. They will have to clear more of their ten-acre field. The method of building a fence from the wood of ash, oak and hickory is described, as well as how he and Edward felled a large ash tree recently. Only a few people walk to chapel – the majority travel in a wagon and some have a “spring wagon”. They were intending to build a larger chapel but even though the bricks are ready there are no plans to build it yet. The minister at one time was John Jones, Carno, and the school divides into 15 classes. Edward Peat is one of two instructors for one of the classes.
•   Letter [1870?] by Edward Peat to his brother, Dafydd.
A letter mainly discussing the factory. Edward has sent to John Breese to try and make arrangements about it. They hold Prayer Meetings every Sunday and even though there is a good turnout, but a few from Llanbryn-mair do not go there at all. He sends his regards to family and friends before finishing the letter.
•   Letter dated 1 January 1871 from Gomer by Edward Peat to his brother, Dafydd.
Edward is full of sympathy for his brother and family after losing “little Polly”. He tries to console him but feels frustrated because of the distance between them. He’s grateful that he doesn’t have any worries about money and food as he had in Wales. He and his family are never short of anything since moving to America. He states the price of meat and wheat and compares them with prices in Wales before going on to discuss wages and especially the wages of carpenters and masons. The daughters – Mary and Ann – are earning good wages as maids. He thanks his brother for his help with the factory and for sending him supplies. He asks about some of his friends and he sends his regards to his family and friends.
•   Letter [1871?] by Edward Peat to his brother, Dafydd.
This letter discusses exchanging money and the system for sending money to each other. Edward has bought a small tool for his brother to thank him and to send his regards to him. Edward writes about the funeral arrangements in the area; the custom of dressing the body in its best clothes and the construction of the coffin. He mentions rent [of the factory?] before sending his regards to everyone he knows.
•   Letter dated 21 June 1871 by Edward Peat, Gomer, to his brother, Dafydd, in Glan-llyn, Llanbrynmair.
Edward has had a chance to write to his brother because it is stormy in the middle of the harvest. He is suffering from indigestion at the moment. Mary has come home to them for two months. He recounts the people she has been working for them as a maid and how prosperous their lives are and how generous her boss had been with a preacher who had visited him. He gives details about the wages of young people as well as the prices of wool, wheat, cattle and pigs. A great many of those who have moved from the Llanbryn-mair area are in debt but it doesn’t worry them. He writes about the minister and the new chapel which will soon be built. At the end of the letter he says that much has changed in the Gomer area during the last three years, but that they are changes for the better. He sends his regards to his mother and his family and promises to send a letter after the harvest.
•   Letter to ?
A small piece of paper stating that Edward had received a letter from Cate Penygraig. It discusses the rent of the factory.
•   Letter to
A small piece of paper stating that he had not managed to get money from Will Jones.
•   Letter dated 27 November [1871?] by Edward Peat.
He has received a letter about the factory. Dafydd will receive an answer from him next year. He states that Iorthryn Gwynedd and Mr Thomas Pittsburgh were going to form a society in America to help the martyrs and paupers in Wales. Will Ffriddfach and Jack Mawr Carno have earned a great deal of money digging ditches in the area. There are a few gangs digging ditches and as a consequence the area is much healthier. Edward felt like going west, to Kansas, as many people were moving there at the time. They could buy a farm each for their children with the money raised from selling one farm in Gomer. He sends his regards to family and friends in Wales before drawing the letter to a close.
•   Incomplete, undated letter by Edward Peat
He discusses the men who have been preaching in Gomer and Llanbryn-mair. He says that here they are not allowed to go and preach where they wished as the churches pay them a wage, and that wage was often quite substantial. He retells the story of a man and his family who went to Kansas. It cost 27 dollar to go there but they were forced to spend twice as much because they had to stay for nearly a fortnight in an inn because a river on their journey had frozen over. He gives some news about people from the Llanbryn-mair area before finishing.
•   Letter dated February 1872 by Edward Peat from Gomer.
A letter describing the trees which grew in the area and the use made of different wood. It has been translated into English.
•   Undated letter
Edward had received a photo of his brother and offers his thanks for it. He is astonished that he hasn’t spoken to his mother and his brothers and sister for three years, especially considering that Morris is in the same country as him. He is grateful that he can speak to them through letters. He asks Dafydd if he could send a diary or two to him. He relates news about some of the Welsh in the area and sends his regards to his family and friends.
•   Incomplete, undated letter
Edward discusses the factory and the new tenant, the ridges, the purchasing of the factory in the first place and the trouble with the partnership.
•   Letter dated 1 January 1873 by Edward Peat from Gomer.
A letter discussing the weather and the price of animals and supplies. It has been translated into English.
•   Incomplete, undated letter
A short letter from Edward beseeching Dafydd to send him factory money as soon as possible because he has a few bills to pay. He has received a letter from Morris, his brother. He has built a large barn and therefore he cannot afford to visit Edward’s family this year. He admits that he feels as if he “is deteriorating fast”. He mentions news about some people and gives his regards to his family.
•   Incomplete, undated letter.
A short letter about the problems of the minister in Gomer and the factory.
•   Letter dated 20 December 1873, by Edward Peat to his brother Dafydd.
He thanks his brother for all the news he has sent and for looking after the factory after he moved to America. He says he would appreciate some of the factory’s money if possible as he has to pay high interest in America. They hoped to pay it all back within the year as the children were helping them. He wants Dafydd to carry on being in charge of his part of the factory and asks him to let him know what’s happening with the accounts. He’s prepared to pay three pence a week to his mother and suggest that perhaps Morris, his brother in Iowa, could help his mother as he had bought a great deal of land and built a few houses. According to Edward, one of the greatest dangers facing those coming to live in the United States was “desiring too much”. They have had quite a lot of snow and hard ice but it has been raining constantly since the beginning of December and the highways are very muddy as a consequence. He mentions scraping the road and “highway tax”. Edward describes his duties on the farm and the stock they have. He also says that they intend to kill 2 pigs, a one and a half year old bullock and 5 geese (3 for Christmas). They have a special minister in the area who preaches three times on Sundays at 9:30 in Gomer; 2:00 in Leatherwood and 6:30 in Gomer. A prayer meeting is held every Monday night and a communion Sunday every first Sunday of the month. He mentions the neighbors who go to the Chapel, the two deacons and the new chapel being built there at the moment. He repeats the story of the visit of Dr Davis, Llandilo [Llandeilo] to Mr Scarbrough, in Walnut Hills (see letter dated 21 June 1871). The other emigrants from Wales who have since died in the Gomer area and in other settlements in the United States are listed. Once again he describes the burying customs of the country and he complains that the young people are not behaving in a very pious way. He states that all kinds of materials for making clothes are available and usually the material would be bought and given to a tailor to cut before giving it to girls, as girls can sew skillfully. According Edward there is a sewing machine in nearly every house, and he says Mary, his daughter, intends to come home and buy a machine. Her work in Cincinnati and Ann’s work in Paddy’s Run are discussed. He is grateful to John Breese and all the neighbors for their kindness before they left. He cannot send anything to his mother at the moment because not many are willing to carry supplies home. He sends his regards to his family and friends before finishing the letter.
•   Incomplete letter.
Short letter dated 20 December from Edward Peat to Dafydd his brother. It is about the problems of the minister of Gomer and the factory.
•   Incomplete, undated letter.
A letter discussing the factory and the possibility of selling it. Edward gives details about his loans and the interest he has to pay. He says he thinks a great deal about Dafydd and Richard, his brothers, and that he misses his family more than his old neighborhood. He then moves on to discuss the factory again and says that Dafydd could mention to Owen that it was for sale. He states some news about the residents of Gomer, and amongst them he mentions that William Peat (a carpenter?) previously from Talerddig had found work for a year in the village for $250. He also states that there is nowhere to buy alcoholic drinks in the area. You would have to travel 8 miles to get some! He mentions that Mary and Ann are still working in same place and that Mary had saved around 200 dollars but that Ann had only saved half of that.
•   Letter dated 20 January 1874.
He thanks for the diary Dafydd has sent and the news about the factory. He discusses the factory, renting Penygraig and paying some of his friends. He gives some news about recent Welsh weddings in the Gomer area. He thanks for the photographs he has received and mentions that they have been thinking about taking photographs themselves to send to Dafydd. Edward, his son, is doing well working with stones and bricks and according to his boss in Lima the year ahead will be a busy one for him. The winter hasn’t been too hard. He notes that he saw in Y Drych that England wants to import seventy million bushels of wheat from the United States. Edward himself has sold 4 large sacks and intends to sell the remaining 5 packs he has left before he has to pay interest. He relates the happenings of some of the residents of Gomer and appeals for news about his family and his friends in Wales.
•   Fragment dated 27 December [1873?].
He mentions that he has paid a pound to ‘J’ and the gifts they received. At the end of the letter he states that he is 62 years old.
•   Letter dated 7 December 1875 by Edward to his brother, Dafydd.
As he had just sent letters to his mother, Richard (his brother) and John Breese, he will try not to repeat the contents of those letters as Dafydd would be sure to see them. There were all healthy and well and Ann had just visited them for nearly three months while school was out. Edward would like to go to Paddy’s Run to see her and the school and many of his old friends. He would go from there to visit Cincinnati afterwards. This is one of the most comprehensive letters Edward sent. It is full of descriptions of life in the Gomer area. He mentions the grand shops of Lima, the houses and the highways, punishing criminals, the building of a new chapel in Gomer and its minister and the price of supplies.
•   [Letter from Edward Peat to his brother Dafydd].
Piece I He notes that “these three small pieces of paper are some scribbles to start a letter to you”. He asks Dafydd to send as many parts of the Gwyddoniadur as he can to him. He also tells him to give a few shillings to Richard, his other brother, if things are very hard on him. Piece II He thanks for the picture. He asks Dafydd’s opinion on Y Tyst and the Dydd. He asks if he could have a diary and a box of collars. Piece III It has been quite cold in January and February. He has forgotten to mention the two types of trees which grow in the area namely Read Elm and the White Elm. He names the friends he’d like to be remembered to.
•   Incomplete, undated letter.
On the second page Edward says he is sending the letter on Christmas morning. He relates the happenings of some of the residents of Gomer and asks for news from Llanbryn-mair.
•   Undated letter.
He gives a pound to his brother (to his mother?) and wants to see Morris his other brother doing the same. He has received a copy of Hanes Eglwysi Cymru (the history of churches in Wales). He writes about a few acquaintances and discusses family affairs. It’s been a very wet winter and as a consequence the highways are bad and prevents Edward from attending chapel.
•   Incomplete, undated letter.
A letter about contributing towards his mother’s keep, the factory, other family affairs and sending parts of the Gwyddoniadur.
•   Letter dated 18 Mawrth 1876 by Edward Peat to his brother, Dafydd.
He thanks for the letter Dafydd sent. He discusses the cost of his mother’s keep and sends periodicals and books to him. He writes about the chapel and the cost of building it. He estimates that it will cost around $18,000 after finishing it. In addition, $100 will go towards its cleaning and looking after the light and the fire; the minister will be given $12,000 as well. He is quite surprised at the system in Wales which forces children to pay for their parents’ keep. He is not happy to hear that Dafydd has to live sparingly.
•   Incomplete, undated letter.
Edward discusses their mother’s decision to go and live on her own in the beginning of the letter. He asks if one of Richard’s children can go out to work and that leads him to write about children in service and the system for adopting children in the United States. He says that the two children of Will Ffriddfach are being brought up by a young couple in Van Wert. The winter had been a harsh one and the highways are bad once again. The tradesmen are suffering and as a consequence the price of clothes, material and food is cheaper. But food is not scarce. Edward notes his preference for whole wheat - “Wheat broken down into bran and all”. Dafydd, his son, went with Gomer Choir to sing in Columbus on Christmas Day. The choir had won the main piece and was given a prize of $100. As well as this, a further $30 and $7½ were won in other competitions. One of the experiences which had made a big impression on Dafydd in the city was visiting the jailhouse. He retells the jail history and the criminals he saw there.
•   Short undated letter.
A small piece noting that there is no need for Dafydd to send the diary to Edward. He mentions a big accident caused by a bridge falling down. It has been snowing quite heavily. The young, and old, have been sledging on the snow.
•   Letter dated 10 June by Edward Peat to his brother, Dafydd.
He discusses the lives of people in Gomer and Llanbryn-mair and selling the factory. Edward is glad that Dafydd has nearly cleared his debt and he gives details of the debts he still has to re-pay. He mentions that Edward, the son, is still busy building houses in the area. Edward names many people and families he wishes to be remembered to.
•   Undated letter.
Edward would like to know if Dafydd and Richard have resolved the dispute that had been between them recently over the houses of Dolfach. He discusses family matters in the rest of the letter and sends his regards to many of his old friends.
•   Letter by Edward Peat to his brother, Dafydd.
Edward’s health hasn’t been too good recently. Mary, his daughter, will return home at Christmas time to marry David Hughes, the son of Hugh Hughes, Abercegir. They will live in Edward’s house until they can build their own house. He discusses how issues of the Gwyddoniadur could be sent to him, and he also gives a sketch of the schoolhouse, “the platform” and the chapel.
•   Letter dated 24 December [1876?] from Gomer by Edward Peat to his brother, Dafydd.
He has received a copy of the Faner which Dafydd sent him. He asks if Dafydd received Y Drych. He saw an article about the factory in the Faner and he realizes that it has been sold now. “With luck I’ll get something from it” is his response! He pleads for a letter from Dafydd. He hasn’t heard from Morris, his other brother, for a while now but assumes that he’s had a successful year in Iowa. But the situation of the country’s coal and iron workers is not thriving. They have had an extremely mild winter so far. Dafydd and Tom have gone to compete in the Eisteddfod in Columbus again this year. Once again he mentions the jailhouse and the asylum there. He writes about the death of his friend, G. Williams, previously from Pentre Mawr. Edward hasn’t been too well recently and he tends to have a cold and a cough at night. He won’t go to a doctor because they are so expensive. He prefers to give himself medication. Looking after the pigs has been his main task. Money is quite short still but once again he makes a point of saying that they have plenty of food and that clothes are relatively cheap.
•   Letter dated 26 January 1877 by Edward Peat, Gomer, to his brother, Dafydd.
He hasn’t received a letter from Dafydd about what’s happened to the factory and Beulah Chapel. Mynyddog and his wife came over for supper. Mynyddog’s health isn’t too well at the moment. He had a massive congregation in the chapel in Gomer and over a $100 was collected for him. Edward has been ill for some time. He’d been suffering from diarrhea and the shivers for weeks and he complains that his rheumatism is painful. Elizabeth, his wife, had been ill during last year as well. A son had been born to Mary and David Hughes the Sunday before Christmas. They are renting a house for a penny a month in the village and David is busy building houses in the region. He’s building a big workshop in Gomer and he had 6 to 10 good oak trees from Edward and Elizabeth. He also writes about the lives of Mary, Edward, Dafydd, Ann and Tom.
•   Undated letter by Edward Peat, Gomer, to his brother, Dafydd.
In the beginning of the letter he discusses the factory and the selling of it and the equipment. They have already reaped the wheat but men are in short supply. He mentions the unemployed men in the towns and cities and refers to the high wages of the United States. Edward is very worried about his brother Richard. He suggests that the houses of Dolfach could be given to him or help him when he’s having trouble. He asks Dafydd to give Richard a sovereign on his behalf. He is willing for him to have it even if it means he has to economize more himself. He notes that he is sending a picture of Ann with the letter. He asks if anyone is living in lower Braichodnant now.
•   Letter by Edward Peat to his brother Dafydd, 6 July 1878.
Edward’s health has been all right even though he and his wife tire easily. He refers to a dispute between Dafydd and Mr. Davis (?) 6 July 1878 is the date on the second piece. It is very hot and they have a good crop of wheat. Edward doesn’t feel very strong and he yearns to see Dafydd and Beten, his sister. He sends his regards to his family and states that he is 67 years old.
•   Letter dated 11 November 1878.
Edward has heard that Dafydd has been cast out from the Chapel and this worries him greatly. He states his opinion on Davies as a schoolmaster and he compares the education system in Wales with the system in Ohio. He says that there are 2 schoolhouses in Lima and that there are 3 schools in each one. It is only for 6 months a year that schools are open in the United States. He tries to persuade his brother to conciliate and “follow peace” and he pleads for better news from him next time. It is written on the envelope that this is the last letter Edward Peat sent to Dafydd: “The last letter from my brother E. Peate”
•   Letter dated 6 March 1875 by Edward Peat to his mother.
He has been intending to send a letter to his mother for some time now. This is quite a somber letter, listing who had died in the Welsh communities of Ebensburg, Pittsburgh, Iowa and Gomer. He says he is missing his family and his old friends. He writes about the visit of Mary Ann, the eldest daughter of his brother Morris, about Martha and Samuel, the children of his uncle Morris as well as about the happenings of his own children. He complains that he doesn’t see his family in the United States very often, because of the distance between them. He sends his regards to his friends and he states at the end of the letter that he is 64 years old.
•   Letter dated 25 July 1865 by Morris Peat, Ebensburg, to Edward Peat, Braichodnant, Llanbrynmair.
Morris had been expecting a letter from Wales but he hasn’t received one and he hasn’t heard if Edward was intending to cross over to America. He says that he had sent him a letter and in it “I had made clear what my thoughts were regarding you coming here”. He wishes to know if Edward is moving or not. Morris is considering moving west. He writes about his children, his health, his work and the fact that they are doing well. He sends his kind regards to his family and says that he wishes he could see them.
•   Letter dated 30 November 1869.
He says he has intended to send a letter to Dafydd for ages. They had had a wet spring and they were suffering because of it. He writes about the harvest, the price of crops, the pigs and the stock. He had intended to visit Edward and his family but he has spent a great deal of money recently and he has too much work.
•   Undated letter
Once again Morris mentions that it would be a good thing if Dafydd was in the United States as it was a good place for craftsmen such as him and it would be a better place for his children.
•   Undated letter.
Morris sends his regards to his family and pleads for news from Wales. He asks if Dafydd would come to see him in Iowa. He names the other Welsh people living there.
•   Letter dated 12 October 1874.
It is noted in the letter that money is scarce in the country and that the tradesmen were suffering. Morris confesses to how much debt he has and he lists all the stock he has.
•   Letter dated 30 March 1881 by Morris Peat.
A letter about the family in Iowa, the stock they have, the building work done recently and the ice and snow they have had.
•   Letter dated 18 April 1885 by Morris Peat.
A letter mainly with news of the family and the farm in Iowa. They have suffered a harsh winter. Morris has bought land and has built a house on it. He says once again that he is in quite a bit of debt.
•   Letter dated 3 January 1887 by Morris Peat.
Morris’s health isn’t very good by now as he reaches his 74th birthday. He gives news of the family, the farm, the stock and the harvest. He also recounts the happenings of Richard Ellsworth, who has moved to keep house in Nebraska, and some of Morris’s neighbors.
•   Letter dated 14 February 1874 by Morris Peat.
A letter greeting his mother and his brother Dafydd. He gives his regards to his friends and notes that he has sent two pictures with his letter.
•   Letter dated 14 May 1868 by Ann Peat on board the 'France'.
A short letter about the conditions on board ship since they left Liverpool. They have been ill and their food pack has been taken to the ship’s hold. They cannot eat their own food and they have to wear the same clothes.
•   Letter dated 30 December 1878 by Edward Peat, son of Edward and Ann Peat.
A sad letter recounting the illness and death of Edward Peat in December 1878. He was buried in Tawelfan cemetery, next to two of his friends – William and Mary Jones, Tawelfan. Losing the head of the family has been a shock to them all. We start to see Edward stepping into his father’s shoes at the end of the letter when he says that he isn’t used to writing letters. His father wrote them all. He hoped he could do better next time.
•   Letter dated 24 December 1883 by Edward Peat, son of Edward and Ann Peat.
John Breese is about to start on his journey back to Wales. Edward hasn’t succeeded in persuading him to stay to live in the United States. He has received the letter his uncle has sent to him. He doesn’t intend to include any news in this letter as he will hear it all from John Breese when he returns to Llanbryn-mair. He sends a turnscrew to his uncle as an example of the tools to be found in America and as proof that he hasn’t completely forgotten about him. They will be holding an Eisteddfod in Lima on New Year’s Day and Edward believes it will be a successful eisteddfod as there will be 5 choirs competing for the main piece. He says he will send a copy of the Drych to him which will run an article on the eisteddfod. Before finishing the letter he states that his mother’s health is not bad and he sends his regards to his whole family.
•   Edward Peat letters
Another sad letter recounting the illness and death of Dafydd junior. He had been looking after his parents’ home since the death of his father, until Halloween 1880 when an auction was held. After that, the family moved to part of Mary’s house, near Gomer. Dafydd’s death had been a heavy blow to his mother. By now she was living in a small house in Gomer. Edward himself was working in Lima. Ann, his sister, had been managing a school there recently and it is expected that she would return there again in the fall. He mentions that Mary’s son had been suffering from cholera infantum but that he was somewhat better by now. Edward wishes to have a picture of Thomas Gee to be inserted with the editions of the Gwyddoniadur he is going to have bounded. He feels his father would have wanted that. He sends his regards to his friends and family and promises to send another letter soon.