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This section of the website traces the history of some of the Welsh communities in Ohio from the period when the first community in Paddy's Run was established. Many Welsh people settled in agricultural areas such as Radnor, Gomer and Newark and thousands of people from Cardiganshire poured to Jackson and Gallia Counties. Others were drawn to the cities - Columbus, Cincinnati and Cleveland - and of course industrial areas such as Trumbull and Mahoning had their distinctive allure as well. It is estimated that there were more than 11,000 Welsh settlers in Ohio at the beginning of the twentieth century.

The time line shows when some of the most prominent Welsh settlements were established.

For more information about the communities, click on the counties on the map:
Click on a county to read more
Cuyahoga County Trumbull County Portage County Mahoning County Van Wert County Allen County Delaware County Franklin County Licking County Washington County Butler County Meigs County Hamilton County Jackson County Gallia County Perry County Tuscarawas County
Created using elements of the map which appears on the Ohio Memory
website, courtesy of The Ohio Historical Society.

General bibliography: Ohio State (including articles on the Welsh Journals Online website)


Printed Material
digital library documentB. W. Chidlaw, Yr American: yr hwn sydd yn cynnwys nodau ar daith o Ddyffryn Ohio i Gymru, golwg ar dalaeth Ohio, hanes sefydliadau Cymreig yn America, cyfarwyddiadau i ymofynwyr cyn y daith, ar y daith, ac yn y wlad (Llanfair, 1839) - only available in Welsh.

Edward G. Hartmann, Americans From Wales (Trucksville, 2001)

digital library documentEdward Jones, Y Teithiwr Americanaidd neu, Gyfarwyddyd i symudwyr o Gymru i'r America : yn cynnwys enwau y lleoedd, dysgrifiad o wyneb y ddaiar, hinsawdd, cynnyrch, anifeiliaid, adeiladau, cyfleusderau, cyflogau, crefydd, &c. yn y taleithiau lle y preswylia y Cymry; hefyd, hyd y teithiau i'r gwahanol leoedd a chyfarwyddiadau ar hyd-ddynt (Aberystwyth, 1837) - only available in Welsh.

Anne Kelly Knowles, Calvinists incorporated: Welsh immigrants on Ohio's industrial frontier (Chicago, 1997)

digital library documentR. D. Thomas, Hanes Cymry America (Utica, 1872). [Translated by Phillips G. Davies]
The state of Ohio is described in Chapter 5.


Henry Blackwell, 'Biographica et bibliographica', National Library of Wales Journal, Vol.2, no.3+4, Summer 1942, pp.175-180.


William Harvey Jones, 'Welsh Settlements in Ohio', (in three parts) The Cambrian, Volume XXVII, No. 7 (July-September 1907), pp. 311-17; No. 8 (July-September 1907), pp. 344-50; No. 9 (July-September 1907), pp. 395-9.





Ohio Counties / Welsh Settlements (in alphabetical order)



Allen County: Gomer

Digitized materials
digital library documentGomer's First 150 Years (Vol. I), The Allen County Reporter, Volume No. XXIX, 1983, No. 2; Volume No. XXIX, 1983, No. 3

digital library documentUnited Church of Christ, Gomer, Ohio: 150th Anniversary 1839 -1989

digital library documentNLW 14111D: Letters of Edward Peat and family (Welsh; English translations available)


Angela Bennett, 'Josiah Brynmair', Bwletin Cymdeithas Emynau Cymru 2 (1985/86), pp.248-9 - article only available in Welsh.

The Rev. B. W. Chidlaw, 'The First Funeral in Gomer, O.', The Cambrian, Vol. II, No. 6 (Nov/Dec 1882), pp. 271-72.

W. Meirion Davies, 'Josiah Brynmair a'i Emynyddiaeth', Y Cenhadwr Americanaidd, Vol. LVIII (1897), pp. 77-80.

Anon, 'Reminiscences of the Welsh Settlement of Gomer and Vicinity, Allen Co., O.', The Cambrian, Vol. III No. 2 (Mar/Apr 1883), pp. 71-2.

T. H. J., 'Another Pioneer Gone', The Cambrian, Vol. XIV, No. 3 (March 1894), p.96.

Josiah Jones, 'Beginning and Growth of the Welsh Congregational Church, Gomer, O.', The Cambrian, Vol. III, No. 4, pp. 183-5; No. 5, pp. 234-6.

Josiah Jones, 'The First Church in the Village of Gomer (Ohio)', The Cambrian, Vol. XXVIII, No. 10 (October 1908), pp. 439-44.

D. Densil Morgan, 'Y daith i fro Joseia', Barn 345 (1991), pp. 13-5.

R. Gwylfa Roberts, 'Josiah Brynmair - Emynydd Anfarwol', Y Dysgedydd (August 1914), pp. 363-73.

See bibliography on the Gomer page for more references and view more articles on Allen County in The Cambrian.




Butler County: Paddy's Run

Digitized materials
digital library documentNLW Microfilm 401-02: Register / Minute Books of Paddy's Run Welsh Congregational Church, Shandon, Ohio, 1803-1900 (English) >>

Notes on the Welsh settlement of Paddy's Run:
digital library documentNLW 9521A: America: neu Amrywiaeth o Nodiadau am yr Unol Daleithiau; Buddiol i Ymfudwyr. by Iorthryn Gwynedd. Ysgrifennwyd ganddo ar ei Deithiau yn Efrog, Ohio a Pennsylvania, o Mai 1851 hyd Mai 1852(America or a variety of remarks about the United States; Beneficial for Emigrants. By Iorthryn Gwynedd. Written by him on his Journeys in York, Ohio and Pennsylvania, from May 1851 until May 1852) (Only available in Welsh)

digital library documentNLW 13196D: J. M. Howel 8. Letters to 'S.R.' including:
Letter dated 18 November 1840 by William Bebb from Hamilton (English);
Letter dated 28 February 1848 by the Rev. B. W. Chidlaw - includes a note by the Rev. Samuel Roberts that a group of 30 people will be leaving Llanbryn-mair for America (English);
Letter dated 2 July 1841 by the Rev. B. W. Chidlaw noting the death of his wife and other deaths in Paddy's Run (Welsh; English translation available);
Letter dated 20 September 1841 by the Rev. B. W. Chidlaw from Paddy's Run (English).


'Henry Blackwell, 'Biographica et bibliographica', National Library of Wales Journal, Vol.2, no.3+4, Summer 1942, p.177. Biography of William Bebb.

Rev. B. W. Chidlaw, 'Historical Sketch of Paddy's Run, Butler County, O.', (in two parts), The Cambrian, Vol. I, No. 2 (March/April 1880), pp. 39-45; Vol. I, No. 3 (May/June 1880), pp.77 - 86.

The Rev. B. W. Chidlaw, 'The Welsh Pioneers in the Miami Valley', The Cambrian, Volume IV, No. 9 (September 1884), pp. 248-251.

The Rev. B. W. Chidlaw, 'Paddy's Run Congregational Church (Butler County, Ohio)', The Cambrian, Vol. II, No. 6 (November/December 1882), pp. 265-268.

W. H. Irwin and Rev. S. D. Crothers, Centennial Historical Sketches of Greenfield and Vicinity, July 4, 1876 (Greenfield : Ohio, 1876), contains 'An Historical Sketch of Paddy's Run, Butler County, Ohio' by Rev. B. W. Chidlaw.

The Welsh settlement of Paddy's Run is described in:
William Harvey Jones, 'Welsh Settlements in Ohio', (in three parts) The Cambrian, Volume XXVII, No. 7 (July-September 1907), pp. 311-17.

Iorwerth C. Peate, 'Ezekiel Hughes's Autobiography', Montgomeryshire Collections, Vol.70, 1982, pp.131-133.

Clare Taylor, Paddy's Run: A Welsh Community in Ohio [part of a lecture given to the History Society of U.C. Swansea, on Tuesday, November 6th, 1979] (Aberystwyth : the author, 1979).

Clare Taylor, 'Paddy's Run, a Welsh Settlement in Ohio', Welsh History Review, XI, No. 3 (June 1983), pp.302 - 316.

Stephen Riggs Williams, The Saga of the Paddy's Run (Oxford : Ohio, 1945)

See bibliography on the Butler County page for more references and view more articles in The Cambrian.



Cuyahoga County: Cleveland

Digitized materials
digital library documentNLW 6426D: Letters from emigrants &c
Two letters, dated 24 July and 25 December 1879, by T. Evans, Cleveland to his family in Llanwenog Parish. (Welsh; English translation available)

See bibliography on the Cuyahoga County page for more references and view more articles in The Cambrian.



Delaware County

Digitized materials
digital library documentNLW 16704E: Letter dated 17 June 1846 by Gryffith Thomas, Delaware, to Thomas Evans, Llanfynydd (Welsh; English translation available)

digital library documentCMA 22300 - Letter dated 23 January 1864 by Rowland Price, Radnor, Delaware County, to his brothers and sister (Welsh; English translation available)

digital library documentCMA 22301 - Letter dated 23 December 1865 by Rowland Price, Radnor, Delaware County, to his brothers and sister (Welsh; English translation available)


Rev. B. W. Chidlaw, 'Radnor Township, Delaware Co., O.', The Cambrian, Vol. I, No. 5, pp. 173-181.

The Welsh settlement of Radnor, Delaware County is described in:
William Harvey Jones, 'Welsh Settlements in Ohio', (in three parts) The Cambrian, Volume XXVII, No. 8 (July-September 1907), pp. 344-50.

See bibliography on the Delaware County page for more references and view more articles in The Cambrian.




Franklin County: Columbus

Digitized materials
digital library documentL. D. Davies, Some Facts with Reference to the Welsh of Columbus, Ohio, From its earliest times up to 1860 (Ysgrifennwyd by L. D. Davies ar gyfer Eisteddfod Gŵyl Ddewi, 1910) (English) >>

The Welsh Singing Society of Columbus, Ohio
The Twelfth Annual Gymanfa Ganu (23 October 1960)
digital library documentProgram (English) >>

The Welsh Singing Society of Columbus, Ohio
The 32nd Annual Gymanfa Ganu (19 October 1980)
digital library documentProgram (English) >>

Gwledd Gŵyl Dewi Saint, Columbus, Ohio (26 Hydref 1983)
digital library documentProgram (English) >>


Rev. Daniel Jenkins Williams, The Welsh of Columbus, Ohio (Oshkosh, 1913)

See bibliography on the Franklin County page for more references and view more articles in The Cambrian.




Hamilton County: Cincinnati

Digitized materials
digital library documentNLW 19331E: The letters of John and Hugh Pugh from Liverpool, Cincinnati, Columbus and Portsmouth (1843 - 1852) (Welsh) >>

digital library documentNLW 20995: The letters of Jack Edwards, Cincinnati (1880 - 1887) (English and Welsh) >>

digital library documentThe Saga of the Welsh Congregational Church, Lawrence Street, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1840-1952 (English) >>

See bibliography on the Hamilton County page for more references and view more articles in The Cambrian.





Jackson and Gallia counties

Digitized materials
digital library documentEvan E. Davis, Industrial History, Oak Hill (Portsmouth, 1973)

digital library documentEvan E. Davis (ed.), Our Heritage: early history of Tyn Rhos Welsh Congregational Church and its neighborhood (1979)

digital library documentWilliam R. Evans, Hanes Sefydliadau Cymreig Siroedd Jackson a Gallia, O. (Utica, 1896). Translated by Phillips G. Davies, History of Welsh Settlements in Jackson and Gallia Counties, O., edited by Lillian Thomas Brownfield.

digital library documentVirgil H. Evans, The Family Tree of John Jones (Tirbach), elder or Patriarch of the Welsh Settlement of Jackson and Gallia (Columbus, 1929)

digital library documentNLW 16704E: Letter dated 5 March 1851 by Jenkin T. Jenkins, Centerville, to Daniel Jenkins, Gwaryfelin, Llangwyryfon, Cardiganshire.
(Welsh; English translation available)

digital library documentNLW 11614E: Letter dated 20 September 1855 by Martha James, Raccoon, Sir Gallia, to David Thomas, Felin Wern, Llanina (near Llanarth), Ceredigion.
(Welsh; English translation available)

digital library documentNLW 23512E: Letters of Margaret Mostyn Jones. 7 letters written in English, sent to her family in Llanasa, north Wales, while resident in Oak Hill (1890-4).

David Greenslade Archive:
digital library documentThe Rev. Vincent Jones, The Saga of The Central South Welsh Congregational Association and Y Gymanfa (1840 - 1954)

Nebo Congregational Church - 111 Years: The Ninety- Ninth Welsh Gymanfa of The Central South East Ohio Association of The United Church of Christ
Nebo (1971)
digital library document Program (English) >>

The One Hundredth Anniversary of the Welsh Gymanfa: The Annual Conference
Tyn Rhos and Nebo (1972)
digital library documentProgram (English) >>

The One Hundred Third Gymanfa: The Annual Conference
Welsh-American Heritage Museum, Oak Hill (1975)
digital library documentProgram (English) >>

The One Hundred Ninth Gymanfa: The Annual Conference
Welsh-American Heritage Museum, Oak Hill (1981)
digital library documentProgram (English) >>

The One Hundred Tenth Gymanfa: The Annual Conference
Tyn Rhos (1982)
digital library documentProgram (English) >>

Oak Hill, Ohio - Now 1976 and Then 1876
digital library documentLeaflet prepared by the Oak Hill Area Bicentennial Committee >>

digital library document Welsh-American Heritage Museum, Oak Hill, leaflet (1972) >>

digital library document Welsh-American Heritage Museum, Oak Hill, leaflet (1974) >>

digital library document Welsh-American Heritage Museum, Oak Hill, leaflet (1981) >>

"Gŵyl Dewi Sant Gwledd", Oak Hill (3 March 1980)
digital library documentProgram (English) >>

"Gŵyl Dewi Sant Gwledd", Oak Hill (6 March 1982)
digital library documentProgram (English) >>

"Gŵyl Dewi Sant Gwledd", Oak Hill (5 February 1983)
digital library documentProgram (English) >>

digital library documentEisteddfod Program of the Jackson City Schools, Jackson, Ohio (1983) >>


Anon, 'The Accidental Settlement of the Welsh in Gallia and Jackson Counties, O', The Cambrian, Volume III, No. 3 (May/June 1883), pp. 129-131.

Anon, 'The Welsh Settlements in Ohio - Gallia and Jackson', The Cambrian, Volume VI, No. 2 (February 1886), pp. 46-49.

Anon, 'Hewitt's Fork, Jackson Co., O', The Cambrian, Volume I, No. 6 (1881), pp. 221-6.

Anon, 'Horeb, Jackson County, Ohio. By a Fostered Son', The Cambrian, Volume V, No. 2 (February 1885), pp. 45-51.

'Hwyl Eisteddfod yn Ohio', Y Ford Gron, Vol.1, no.2, Dec 1930, p.26 - article only available in Welsh.

A. V. Evans, 'A History of the First Welsh Settlers in Gallia and Jackson Counties, Ohio' (in two parts), The Cambrian, Volume VIII, No. 11 (November - December 1888), pp. 322-5; No. 12 (November - December 1888), pp. 355-7.

Ben R. Evans, Memories of Tyn Rhos, Welsh Congregational Church, Gallia County, Ohio (1976). Later published in Our Heritage: early history of Tyn Rhos Welsh Congregational Church and its neighborhood.

D. J. Evans, 'First Settlers in the Horeb Neighborhood (Jackson Co., Ohio)', The Cambrian, Volume V, No. 2 (1885), p. 52.

J. W. Evans, 'The Founders of the Welsh Settlement in Gallia and Jackson Counties, Ohio', The Cambrian, Volume III, No. 6 (November/December 1883), pp. 286-287.

The Rev. E. I. Jones, 'The Early Welsh Churches of Jackson and Gallia Counties, Ohio' The Cambrian, Volume XXIII, No. 2 (February 1903), pp. 53 - 60.

John Jones, 'Hanesiaeth Gartrefol: Sefydlfa Gymreig Swydd Gallia', Y Cenhadwr Americanaidd, Vol. VI, No. 68 (August 1845), pp. 246-7.

The Welsh settlements of Jackson/Gallia counties are described in:
William Harvey Jones, 'Welsh Settlements in Ohio', (in three parts) The Cambrian, Volume XXVII, No. 9 (July-September 1907), pp. 395-9.

Anne Kelly Knowles, Calvinists incorporated: Welsh immigrants on Ohio's industrial frontier (Chicago, 1997)

David A. Lloyd, 'The Moriah Calvinistic Methodist Church, Jackson County, Ohio', The Cambrian, Vol. IV, No. 4 (April 1884), pp. 108 - 111.

J. P. Morgans, Cofiant y Parch. Robert Williams, Moriah, Ohio: yr hwn a fu farw Medi 10fed, 1876; yn nghyda sylwadau coffadwriaethol am ei anwyl ferch Mrs. Mary Parry (The biography of the Rev. Robert Williams, Moriah, who died on September 10th 1876, as well as notes in memory of his dear daughter, Mrs Mary Parry) (Utica, 1883)

Jackson and Gallia Counties page >>

View more articles on Gallia County and Jackson County in The Cambrian >>



Lawrence County


J. L. Abrams, 'The Welsh People of Ironton, Lawrence Co., O.', The Cambrian, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Mai/June 1880), pp. 86-90.

View more articles on Lawrence County in The Cambrian >>



Licking County

Digitized materials
digital library documentCMA 22312 - Letter dated 12 March 1866 by William H Breese, Newark, to his uncle (English; last part in Welsh)

digital library documentCMA 22313 - Letter dated 30 May 1867 by William H Breese, Granville, to Mr Owen Prys, Aberystwyth (English)

digital library documentCMA 4 (B) 22331 - Letter dated 4 February 1870 by John M. Jones, Saron, Welsh Hills, Newark (Welsh; English translation available)

digital library documentIsaac Smucker, History of the Welsh settlements in Licking County, Ohio: the characteristics of our Welsh pioneers--their church history with biographical sketches of our leading Welshmen (Newark, 1869)


Isaac Smucker, 'Historical Sketch of the Welsh Hills, Licking County, O.,' (in two parts) The Cambrian, Vol. I, No. 2 (March/April), pp. 46-53; Vol. I, No. 3 (May/June 1880), pp. 81-6.

The Welsh settlements of Licking County are described in:
William Harvey Jones, 'Welsh Settlements in Ohio', (in three parts) The Cambrian, Volume XXVII, No. 8 (July-September 1907), pp. 344-50.

See bibliography on the Licking County page for more references and view more articles in The Cambrian.



Mahoning County

Digitized materials
digital library documentNLW 21578E: The Register of the Welsh Pioneers of Mahoning Valley and their descendants (1898-1922) (English and Welsh)

digital library documentNLW 21577E: The Minute Book of the Welsh Pioneers Association of the counties of Trumbull and Mahoning, Ohio (1895-1905) (Welsh; English newspaper cuttings)

1776 - Bi-Centennial - 1976 Gymanfa Ganu Program
Youngstown [?]
digital library documentProgram (English) >>

For more details visit the Mahoning County page and The Cambrian website.






Meigs County

Digitized materials
digital library documentAcrefair Papers - letters by Hannah Morgan, Coalport, Meigs County and the Rev. John Williams, Pomeroy, Meigs County

For more details visit the Meigs County page and The Cambrian website.



Portage County

Letter from Job Davies to John Davies, Seren Gomer (1831) (Only available in Welsh)

John S. Williams, 'Amrywiaeth: Adgofion o Daith trwy Ohio, &c' (in three parts), Y Cyfaill o'r Hen Wlad (1840), pp.103 - 105; pp. 139 - 141; pp. 167 - 168.


For more details visit the Portage County page and The Cambrian website.



Trumbull County

Digitized materials
digital library documentNLW 21578E: The Register of the Welsh Pioneers of Mahoning Valley and their descendants (1898-1922) (English and Welsh)

digital library documentNLW 21577E: The Minute Book of the Welsh Pioneers Association of the counties of Trumbull and Mahoning, Ohio (1895-1905) (Welsh; English newspaper cuttings)

digital library documentNLW 5631B (Harris Williams 28.) Miscellanea - 3 letters sent by Evan M. Williams, from Mineral Ridge in 1872. (English and Welsh)


For more details visit the Trumbull County page and The Cambrian website.



Van Wert County

Digitized materials
digital library documentNLW 6174D: Frondirion 21 - letters from emigrants to the U.S.A
Letter dated 10 October 1850 to Griffith Owen, Vaner, Llanelltyd, Dolgellau, E. W. Evans and others in the Dolgellau region by William and Margaret Bebb. (Welsh; translation available).

The Annual Gymanfa Ganu: Salem Presbyterian Church
Venedocia (1984)
digital library documentProgram (English) >>

Gymanfa Ganu keeps heritage alive [Venedocia]
digital library documentNewspaper cutting (English) >>


Rev. J. P. Morgan, 'Early History of the Welsh Settlement in Van Wert County, Ohio', The Cambrian, Vol. II, No. 1 (Jan/Feb 1882), pp. 1-5

R. Jervis, 'Adgofion am Ddechreuad Preswyliad y Cymry yn Venedocia, Van Wert Co., Ohio', Y Cyfaill (1894), pp.286-7 and pp.365-6

For more details visit the Van Wert County page and The Cambrian website.



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